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高中英语能力竞赛练习题精选

来源:xuexi110 作者:xuexi110 人气: 发布时间:2015-04-10
摘要:高中英语能力竞赛练习精选 第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 21. Everybody showed great respect to the old doctor, who devoted everything he had to _____ the poor conditions of the local hospital. A. improving B. improve C. impro

高中英语能力竞赛练习精选

第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

21. Everybody showed great respect to the old doctor, who devoted everything he had to _____ the poor conditions of the local hospital.

A. improving      B. improve         C. improved         D. being improved

22.It was only when I read this story for a second time ________to appreciate its beauty.

A. that did I begin     B. had I begun      C. then I began      D. that I began

23.Maybe all Americans realize that______ they expect to be next president will face lots of problems.

A.no matter who   B.whoever

C.whomever   D.no matter whom

24.There is no doubt,in my opinion, ________matters is not the speed,but the quality of the product.

A. that            B. which            C. what that        D. that what

25. Istill remember the day when I said goodbye to my family, ________on the plane and started my journey to London.

A. to step           B. stepping          C. stepped          D. having stepped

26.As we have known from the map of the world,this is ________.

A.twice as large an island as that     B.twice as larger as that island

C.as twice large as that one        D.twice as a large island as that

27.—Mom,Dad is smoking again!

—Well,let him cut it ________ gradually since old habits die hard.

A.off             B.down            C.up      D.out

28. -----Do you know whether they talked about their work or their family?

-----As   matter of fact,I couldn’t hear it clearly, as they talked in      whisper.

A.the,a        B.the,the       C.a;a            D.a:/

29. A thief broke into the house at midnight, ______ the house in a mess.

A. left              B. to leave          C. leaving           D. having left

30.—How much is the T-shirt  ___________?

—65 dollars.

A.worth         B.cost             C. worthy       D.worthwhile

31. She is the only one among the ______ writers who _______ stories for children.

A. woman; writes    B. women; write  C. women; writes  D. woman; write

32. I’d rather you _______that now, than afterwards.

A. know             B. to know           C. knowing        D. knew

33. He is only too ready to help others, seldom, ____, refusing them when they turn to him.

A. if never           B. if ever             C. if not           D. if any

34.— Conductor, can I get to Market Street on this subway?

— Of course. It’s leaving. ___________, please.

A. Take your time    B. Mind your step     C. Look out    D. Walk slowly

35. Guilin is the most beautiful place _____people all over the world want to visit.

A. where            B. which              C. what           D. that

第二节 完形填空(每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Almost everyone wants to get smarter. We struggle to improve our  36_ , intelligence and attention. We drink cup after cup of coffee to help us  37_  the day.

38 __, a new study published in Current Directions in Psychological Science warns that there are 39___ to how smart humans can get.

Each of our body parts develops in a certain way for a reason.  40  _, we are not 3 meters tall  41 _ most people’s hearts are not strong enough to send  42 _  up that high. Scientists say that our thinking ability works in the same way. A baby’s brain size is limited by a series of __43   , such as the size of the mother’s pelvis (骨盆). If our brains developed to be bigger, there could be more  44   during childbirth.

The study of Jews, who have an average IQ much _ 45_  than other Europeans, showed they were more  _46_  to develop diseases of the  _47_  system. This might be because of their increased brainpower.

If intelligence cannot be improved, can we at least get better at _ 48 _ ? Not really, say scientists. They studied  _49_  like caffeine (咖啡因)that improve attention. They found the drugs only helped people with serious  50 _ problems. For those who did not have trouble paying attention, the drugs could have the  51 _ effect. Scientists say that this suggests there is a(n)  52  limit to how much people can or should concentrate.

Our memory is also a “double-edged sword”. People with extremely good memories could  53__ having a difficult life because they cannot  _54  bad things that happen to them.

Thomas Hills, one of the authors of the paper, said that   55  all the problems in trying to get smarter, it’s unlikely that there will ever be a “super mind”.

36.A.ability B. character C. memory D. emotion

37.A.go through B. put through C. get through  D. carry through

38.A. Though  B. Therefore C. However D. Meanwhile

39.A.standards B. measures C. ranges D. limits

40.A.At first B. In addition C. For example  D. Above all

41.A.until B. because  C. before D. so that

42.A. blood  B information C. breath D. strength

43.A. factors  B. reasons C. aspects D. effects

44.A.chances B. deaths  C. choices D. lives

45.A.smarter B. better C. lower D. higher

46.A.likely B. possible C. probable D. sure

47.A.physical B. bodily C. personal D. nervous

48.A.exercising B. concentrating  C. memorizing D. thinking

49.A. poisons B. drinks  C. plants  D. drugs

50.A. attention  B. family C. health D. living

51.A.same B. opposite [来源:学科网ZXXK] C. different D. similar

52.A.lower B. smaller C. upper  D. higher

53.A. end up  B. make up C. start up D. come up

54.A.forget B. remember C. perform D. share

55.A.supposing B. concerning C. considering  D. regarding

第三部分   阅读理解(共20小题:每小题2分,满分40分)

A

It was an autumn morning shortly after my husband and I moved into our first house. Our children were upstairs unpacking,and I was looking out of the window at my father moving around mysteriously on the front lawn. “What are you doing out there?” I called to him.

He looked up, smiling. “I’m making you a surprise.’’ I thought it could be just about anything. When we were kids, he always created something surprising for us. Today, however, Dad would say no more ,and caught up in the business of our new life ,I eventually forgot about his surprise.

Until one gloomy day the next March when I glanced out of the window,I saw a dot of blue across the yard. I headed outside for a closer look. They were crocuses (番红花)throughout the front lawn 一 blue, yellow and my favorite pink ,with little faces moving up and down in the cold wind. I remembered the things Dad secretly planted last autumn. He knew how the darkness and dullness of winter always got me down. What could have been more perfectly timely to my needs?

My father’s crocuses bloomed (开花)each spring for the next five seasons, always bringing the same assurance: Hard times are almost over. Hold on, keep going, and light is coming soon.

Then a spring came with only half the usual blooms and the next spring there were none. I missed the crocuses ,so I would ask Dad to come over and plant new bulbs. But I never did. He died suddenly one October day. My family were in deep sorrow, leaning on our faith.

On a spring afternoon four years later, I was driving back when I felt depressed. It was Dad’s birthday, and I found myself thinking about him. This was not unusual — my family often talked about him, remembering how he lived up to his faith. Suddenly I slowed as I turned into our driveway. I stopped and stared at the lawn. There on the muddy grass with small piles of melting snow ,bravely waving in the wind, was one pink crocus.

How could a flower bloom from a bulb more than 18 years ago, one that hadn’t bloomed in over a decade? But there was the crocus. Tears filled my eyes as I realized its significance.

Hold on, keep going, and light is coming soon. The pink crocus bloomed for only a day, but it built my faith for a lifetime.

56.According to the first three paragraphs, we learn that ______.

A. it kept bothering the author not knowing what the surprise was

B. the author was unpacking when her father was making the surprise

C. it was not the first time that the author’s father had made a surprise

D. the author knew what the surprise was because she knew her father

57.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

A. The author usually felt depressed in the season of winter.

B. The author’s father planted the crocuses to lift her low spirits.

C. The author often thought about her father after he died.

D. The crocuses bloomed each spring before her father died.

58.The author’s father should be best described as ______.

A. a part-time worker who loved flowers

B. a kind-hearted man who lived with faith

C. a full-time gardener with skillful hands

D. an ordinary man with doubts in his life

59.What can be the best title for the passage?

A. Crocuses — My Source of Faith B. Crocuses— Father’s Surprise

C. A Pink Crocus — My Memory D. Crocuses in Blossom — My Favorite

B

In many African countries, the care of orphans has been mainly led by foreign donor organizations. However, Sister Florence has changed all that. Using her own resources, Sister Florence is leading the work of raising orphans from different backgrounds. Sister Florence Wanjala’s biggest motivation to start the orphan program was when she saw a little boy whose parents had died. The boy was living with a cruel grandparent and he would visit the grave of his mother, crying for support. Sister Wanjala wanted to give a helping hand and give him hope. From that time, she started feeling the call to help a larger number of orphans.

She opened an office with a few friends and coordinated (协调)a program to help the orphans. All the registrations were done in the office and the program so far has 8000 children. Sister Wanjala said, “My dream is to help the orphan to live a holistic (完整)life and be a good Kenyan citizen to help this country. Many people think that the way to support orphans is to put them in an institution(孤儿院). Others support them up to the age of eighteen, but here, we do it very differently.” For Sister Wanjala, putting a child in an institution is normally her last choice. She prefers the orphans to live in a foster(寄宿的) home.

She said, “I’m so encouraged and happy to see the orphans succeeding. When they come first or second in class, it shows how the program has helped them, and that’s encouraging to me as I continue to coordinate the program.”Through her charity work, more than 1000 orphans have been able to find a home. Sister Wanjala, as a mother, takes care of her own family.

60.What inspired Sister Wanjala to start the orphan program?

A. Her preference for kids.     B. Her own similar experience.

C. A sad story about an orphan. D. Her successful charity work.

61.Sister Wanjala opened an office mainly to ______.

A. set up as many institutions as possible for orphans

B start a program to offer orphans a foster family

C. provide school education for those orphans

D. raise more money for the homeless kids

62.What does the underlined sentence probably mean?

A. She didn’t want orphans to live in an institution.

B. She preferred to put orphans into an institution.

C. She had no choice but to put orphans in institutions.

D. She sent orphans into an institution in the end.

63.What can we learn from the text?

A. Sister Wanjala finally adopted the little boy.

B. Sister Wanjala found foster homes for 8000 orphans.

C. Sister Wanjala was too busy to care for her own family.

D. Sister Wanjala was not alone in helping orphans.

C

Spring is here and so is the cycling season. Here are some tips on how to do it safely and comfortably.

Watch your feet—Pushing with the wrong part of the foot can raise your risk of developing a painful injury of the heel and arch(脚心), says Rob Werstine, a sports physiotherapist(理疗师)and board member of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association.  You should push with the ball of your foot, he says.

Layer up—While it’s still cool, wear layers of clothing, with clothing close to the body that breathes and outer layers that do not absorb water. Go for bright colors that increase your visibility(可见度).

Be reasonable—If you are just starting out and aren’t in good shape, don’t sign up for a 50-kilometre ride. And while cycling is great exercise for people who want to get into shape, if your doctor advises you not to do tiring exercise, cycling shouldn't be your starting position, Werstine says. Walk to begin getting into shape and then graduate to cycling.

Fix the fit—If you develop lower back pain or numbness in your hands and fingers from cycling, it could be your bike isn’t adjusted properly for your height. A good cycle shop can help you find the right height for the seat and handlebars, but if you have continuing problems, consider consulting a bike fit physiotherapist, Werstine says.

Be mindful—You have to pay attention on the roads to vehicles, other cyclists and pedestrians(行人).Consider taking a cycling safety course to practise your skills. Or do some reading about how to avoid dangerous cycling situations. bicyclesafe.com, for instance, lists 10 types of car-bike accidents and how to avoid them.

64. Which part of the foot should one use when cycling?

A. The heel.         B. The arch.      C. The ball.     D. The toes.

65. From Paragraph 4 we can conclude______.

A. not everyone can exercise by cycling     B. walking is better than cycling

C. cycling is popular with people           D. cycling is helpful to everyone

66. According to the last paragraph, if you want to avoid danger when cycling, you should ______.

a. consider taking a cycling safety course

b. search for information on bicyclesafe.com

c. consider consulting a bike fit physiotherapist

d. adjust the bike properly for your height

A. a. c            B. c. d             C. a. b          D. b. d

D

When I was a baby, I entertained you and made you laugh.Whenever I was “bad”, you'd shake your finger at me and ask, “How could you?”--but then you'd give up, and roll me over for a belly scratch and I believed that life could not be any more perfect.

My housetraining was a long process, because you were terribly busy, but we worked on that together. We went for long walks, runs in the park and car rides. We stopped for ice cream. I took long naps in the sun waiting for you to come home at the end of the day.

Gradually, you began spending more time at work and on your career, and more time searching for a human mate.Eventually, you fell in love.She, now your wife, is not a dog person, but I still welcomed her into our home.I was happy because you were happy.Then the human babies came along and I shared your excitement, I was fascinated by their pinkness, how they smelled, and I wanted to mother them too.

Your wife was afraid I would bite them.But nevertheless, as they began to grow, I became their friend.Now, you have a new job in another city and you and they will be moving to an apartment that does not allow pets.You've made the right decision for your “family”, but there was a time when I was your only family.

I was excited about the car ride until we arrived at the dog pound.It smelled of dogs and cats, of fear, of hopelessness.You filled out the paperwork and said, “I know you will find a good home for her”.They shrugged and gave you a pained look.The children were in tears as they waved me goodbye.And “How could you?” were the only three words that swept over my mind.

Is it better to live with hope or without hope? At first, whenever anyone passed my pen (围栏), I rushed to the front, hoping it was you, that you had changed your mind and that this was all a bad dream.

My beloved master, I will think of you and wait for you forever.I hope you receive more faithfulness from your family than you showed to me.

67.Who tells this story?

A.A dog.       B.A child.      C.A dog's owner.D.A dog trainer.

68.Why did the dog's owner take his dog to the pound?

A.He had a newborn baby.            B.His wife did not like the dog.

C.He was moving into a new building.    D.He thought the dog too troublesome.

69.Which is true about the dog when it lived at the pound?

A.It hoped to be adopted by another family B.It continued to love its former owner.

C. It did not trust humans any more.     D.It was excited about the pound.

70.What is the theme of the story?

A.Be ready for changes.               B.Never expect too much.

C.Never complain about your life.      D.Be faithful to those who love you.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

71   One of these things is shopping. You can do your shopping from the comfort of your living room if you have a computer and an Internet connection. Most people enjoy shopping but some try to keep it as simple as possible. Shopping online is ideal for the people who find shopping difficult.

The main advantage of online shopping is that you are able to look through various different items without leaving your home. On the internet, you can find all kinds of things.    72  Also, you can compare the prices of the items. Thus, you can save a lot of money.

When doing online shopping, it's important to make use of a search engine. There are shopping directories (公司名录) that detail the available online shopping sites.    73   There are probably thousands of sites available on the Internet. Many of the shopping sites operate on the same pattern.

It is also beneficial to you that you can order many items and they will be sent to your houses. You don't need to worry about transportation and shipping. This is because most online shopping sites will deliver the items to your doorstep.    74    This will save you money in the end.

Online shopping is convenient and saves shoppers a lot of time. You save the time that you would have used to drive to a discount store together with your children who shout for everything they see.    75¬¬¬¬¬¬¬   Also, you save the money spend on gas driving to the discount store.

A. You can avoid this by just clicking your mouse.

B. Be careful and don't let out your personal information.

C. You can chat with the owners of the online shopping sites.

D. With the coming of the Internet, many things have become easier.

E. In some cases, online shopping sites provide free shipping for shoppers.

F. Most shopping directories contain customers' reviews on shoppers.

G. It can help when you are shopping for something that is hard to find.

第II卷(二部分,共35分)

注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分

With the national college entrance examination approach, many students are so worried about the coming exam to fall asleep at night and even suffer from mentally illness.It's a fairly common phenomeon among us students.Here is some effective methods for you to adopt.First of all,you should spend a plenty of time prepare for the test.Secondly,it is no need to feel nervous when you have some bad emotions, I think take a deep breath is a helpful way to reduce your stress.Last but not least,you ought to believe yourselves and keep a good state of mind.Follow my tips,but you will overcome your exam anxiety.


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