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不用担心 机器人接管不了世界

来源:学习之家 作者:xuexi110 人气: 发布时间:2016-06-07
摘要:There is a tech experiment that I long to do. It is to set up fake online personas for a Hitler-worshipper and a Stalin fan, then wait to see what merchandise the likes of Facebook and Amazons robotic helpers serve up for their delight. 我

There is a tech experiment that I long to do. It is to set up fake online personas for a Hitler-worshipper and a Stalin fan, then wait to see what merchandise the likes of Facebook and Amazon’s robotic helpers serve up for their delight.

我很想做一次科技实验:在网络上设置两个虚假用户,分别为希特勒(Hitler)崇拜者和斯大林(Stalin)迷,然后拭目以待Facebook、亚马逊(Amazon)等互联网公司的机器人助手会推荐什么样的商品来讨好他们。

I actually quite appreciate web companies’ suggestions, based on my browsing history, for stuff I might like. It is like having a friendly idiot savant scanning the horizon, with a slightly too binary version of my preferences, but nonetheless often hitting the spot.

我其实非常感谢互联网公司基于我的浏览历史,为我推荐我可能喜欢的物品。这就像让一个友善的“白痴天才”(idiot savant,有认知障碍,但在某方面有超乎常人的能力——译者注)怀着对我的偏好的过于机械的理解,去搜索海量信息,不过也常常可以切中我的需求。

不用担心 机器人接管不了世界

I am interested in how these robots work, although I demur at their being called smart. Surely stupid, able and willing is more apt and preferable? Genuinely smart software would be terrifying.

我对这些机器人如何工作很感兴趣,虽然我不认为应该称它们“智能”。愚蠢、能干、乐于助人,用这样的词来形容它们当然更恰当、听起来也更舒服吧?真正智能的软件将令人恐惧。

Yet technologists have promised that 2020 to 2030 will herald The Singularity, the time when computers become smarter than humans.

然而,技术专家曾誓言,2020年至2030年将预示着“奇点”(The Singularity)——电脑变得比人类更聪明的时刻——的到来。

So when the chance came up to meet Ralf Herbrich, Amazon’s Berlin-based head of machine learning, I was excited to hear from one of the world’s most qualified people whether superhuman, conscious computers are a likelihood — and a mortal danger to humanity as Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates and Elon Musk among others say.

所以,当有机会面见亚马逊机器学习研究负责人、在柏林生活的拉尔夫•赫布里希(Ralf Herbrich)时,我很兴奋。他是世界上最有资格谈论这一问题的专家之一,我很想听他谈谈是否有可能出现超越人类、且有意识的电脑,这样的电脑是否会如斯蒂芬•霍金(Stephen Hawking)、比尔•盖茨(Bill Gates)、埃隆•马斯克(Elon Musk)等人所说,对人类构成毁灭性威胁。

Amazon does not use only machine learning to help us buy more stuff. It offers the intelligence developed by Mr Herbrich’s team to users of its Web Services, the part of the empire that, white-labelled, runs many big websites including this one — and that Jeff Bezos expects soon to be bigger than Amazon’s retail estate.

亚马逊并不仅仅用机器学习帮我们购买更多物品。它还向旗下云端运算服务Amazon Web Services(简称AWS)的用户提供赫布里希团队开发的智能产品。AWS是一个云端运算帝国的一部分,亚马逊创始人杰夫•贝佐斯(Jeff Bezos)期望这个帝国能够很快超过亚马逊的零售业务。亚马逊的云端运算服务以“白标”(white-labelled)方式,运营着包括AWS在内的许多大型网站。

责任编辑:xuexi110

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